ORDINARY SINGLES PLAY
B. ERRORS IN PLAY
22. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
are mistakes in play which are dealt with under Laws 25
to 28 (but see Law 39(a) for
restoration of bisques in handicap play).
in error include the stroke in which an error is committed and any subsequent
stroke played before the earlier of the discovery of the error or the limit
- An error
is said to be discovered when the striker announces it or the adversary
forestalls play in respect of it. References to discovery before a stroke
mean before the stroke is played.
ERRORS A player must not deliberately commit an error.
MUST DECLARE The striker must immediately declare any error he commits
or suspects he may have committed and cease play until the matter is resolved.
error is rectified by cancelling all points scored for any ball in any stroke
in error and replacing the balls in their lawful positions at the start
of the first stroke in error. If a ball could have occupied more than one
lawful position at that time, it may be replaced in any such position as
the striker chooses. However, if a ball is replaced following rectification
of a fault, it must be replaced in the position it occupied before the stroke
- If the
striker's turn continues after rectification, each ball is then live if
and only if it was live at the start of the first stroke in error.
- LIMIT OF
CLAIMS The limit of claims is the end of the period within which an error
must be discovered if it is to be rectified. If the specified limit of claims
is not reached because a turn or the game ends, it is deemed to be before
the first stroke of the adversary's next turn or the end of the game respectively.
Strokes in error are counted when determining whether the limit of claims
of any other error has passed.
- AFTER LIMIT
to Laws 22(f)(2) and 40(d)
(doubles play), if an error is discovered after its limit of claims it is
not rectified, the balls are not replaced and all points in order scored
for any ball in any stroke in error are counted. Additional consequences
for certain errors are set out in the relevant sub-law (see Laws 27(e)
- No peg
point may be scored by the striker for any ball when playing a wrong ball.
Any peg point apparently so scored must be cancelled if discovered at any
time before the end of the game and Law 30 applies.
AND INTERFERENCES If an interference under Laws 30
or 31 is discovered within the limit of claims of an
earlier error, the error is dealt with first.
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