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Dr Ian Plummer

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Limits of Claims

Unlike previous editions of the Laws book the 6th edition one does not have a summary of the limit of claims, hence this list.

"22e. The limit of claims is the end of the period within which an error must be discovered if it is to be rectified. If the specified limit of claims is not reached because a turn or the game ends, it is deemed to be before the first stroke of the adversary's next turn or the end of the game respectively. Strokes in error are counted when determining whether the limit of claims of any other error has passed."

In terms of jargon, there are Errors and Interferences. Faults are a subset of Errors.  Limit of claims is generally first stroke of next turn for fatal errors other than faults, next stroke but one (if earlier) for others.

Limit of Claims
25 Error playing when not entitled 1st stroke of adversary's next turn
26 Error playing a wrong ball 1st stroke of adversary's next turn
27a Error playing when a ball is misplaced (general) before the stroke
27d Error purports to take croquet from a dead ball  1st stroke of adversary's next turn
27e Error purports to take croquet from a live ball before two further strokes
27f Error failing to take croquet when entitled before two further strokes
27g Error failing to play ball from baulk before third stroke of striker's turn
27h Error lifting a ball when not entitled before third stroke of striker's turn
28b Fault  Remedy for fault before two further strokes
30 Interference  Balls removed or wrong removed before end of game
31 Interference Misplaced clip or misleading information before end of game
32 Interference Playing when forestalled before end of game
35a Interference  Turn wrongly ending 1st stroke of adversary's next turn

Note the use of 'before' in the definitions.  With a Limit of Claims of 'before two further strokes', then no rectification is possible as soon as the second stroke starts after that in which the error or fault was committed.  For example: a player roquets a ball, but forgets to take croquet and (1) roquets another ball then (2) takes croquet then plays a continuation stoke (3).

  • The error is committed by playing (1).
  • The croquet stroke (2) is the first stroke following the error.
  • The continuation stroke (3) is the second stroke following the error.

The Limit of Claims is passed if the error is not forestalled before he plays (3). Plays basically means hits the ball (but see Law 5 to be precise).  Hence, if the adversary shouts "Ian, stop!" after you began your swing in (3) but before you played a stroke, the forestalling would be effective and the error would be rectified. [SM]

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Updated 28.i.16
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